Judge Stanislaw Michal Pawlak
Member of the Tribunal since 1 October 2005; re-elected as from 1 October 2014; President of the Chamber for Marine Environment Disputes 2017-2020; President of the Chamber for Fisheries Disputes since October 2020; Member of the Special Chamber formed to deal with the Dispute concerning delimitation of the maritime boundary between Mauritius and Maldives in the Indian Ocean (Mauritius/Maldives)
Born: Kalisz, Poland, 27 September 1933.
Education: Master of Law, University of Warsaw (1955); Doctor of Law, University of Warsaw (1967); Doctor habilitated of Political Science, University of Warsaw (1973).
Professional Experience: Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1955–2005; Counsellor 1955–1956); Legal Adviser and Analytic Officer, Polish delegation to the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission in Panmunjon, Korea (1956–1958); Attaché and Second Secretary, Polish Embassy, Tokyo (1958–1963); Senior Counsellor, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1963–1965, 1970–1972); Deputy Chief, Polish delegation to the International Control Commission, Saigon, Viet Nam (1965–1966); First Secretary, Polish Embassy to the United States of America (1967–1970); Visiting Professor, various universities in the United States, Canada and Syria (1967–2001); Deputy Director, Foreign Minister’s Office (1973–1975); Polish Representative to the UN General Assembly (1973–1978, 1983–1990, 2002–2005); Associate Professor of International Law and International Relations, Faculty of Journalism and Political Science, University of Warsaw (1974–2001); Director, Department of International Organizations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1975–1978); Ambassador, Canada (1978–1983); Director, Legal and Treaty Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1983–1986); Head of Polish delegation, talks with the GDR delegation on the Agreement of 22 May 1989 on delimitation of the maritime boundary with the GDR (1983–1988); Head of Polish delegation, talks with the USSR delegation on the delimitation of the Polish-Soviet sea border (1985); Chairman, Polish delegation to the Vienna diplomatic conference which drew up the draft Convention on the law of treaties between States and international organizations and between international organizations (1986); Director, International Organizations Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1986–1989); Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Poland, UN, New York (1989–1991); Deputy-Director, Legal and Treaty Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1992–1996); Chairman, group of Polish experts, talks with the delegation of experts of the Russian Federation and delegations of experts of other interested States on protection and conservation of marine resources of the Sea of Okhotsk (1992–1995); Delegate of Poland to the Steering Committee for Human Rights (CDDH), Council of Europe (1992–1995); Chairman, Polish Delegation to the International Conference which drew up the 1994 Convention on Protection of Fisheries in the Bering Sea (1993–1994); Chairman, Polish Delegation to the UN Conference for the Agreement on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Stocks (1993–1995); Full Professor nominated by the President of the Republic of Poland (2002); Ambassador, Syrian Arab Republic and Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (1996–2001); Adviser to the President of the Republic of Poland (2001–2005); Titular Ambassador (2002–present); Professor of Public International Law and International Relations, University of Warsaw (2002–2014); Professor Emeritus, University of Warsaw (2014–present); President, thirteenth Meeting of States Parties to the Convention (2003); Chairman, Polish delegations to the thirteenth and fourteenth Meetings of States Parties to the Convention (2003–2004); nominated to the List of Arbitrators under article 2 of annexes V and VII to the Convention (2004); Professor and Dean, Faculty of Social Science and Administration, Warsaw Academy of Computer Science and Administration (2005–2018); Professor, WSB University in Warsaw (since 2018).
Member: International Law Commission (1987–1991, Rapporteur 1987, Chairman of the Drafting Committee 1991); Editorial Board of the Recueil Documents, Warsaw (1971–1989); Science Council, Institute of International Law, University of Warsaw (1983–1987); Legislative Council to the Prime Minister of Poland (1983–1989); Science Council, Polish Institute of International Affairs (1983–1989); International Law Association (1986–present); Science Council, Institute of International Relations, University of Warsaw (2002-present); Commission of the Law of the Sea, Polish Academy of Science (2003-present); Aleksander Kwasniewski Foundation “AMICUS EUROPAE” Board of Trustees (2012-2022); Judge in the Arbitral Tribunal in the case of the Philippines v. China (2013-2016).
Publications: Numerous books and articles in scientific magazines on international law, law of the sea and international relations concerning activities of the UN, disarmament, international terrorism, protection of nationals, minorities' rights in Europe and on Japanese, Chinese, Canadian and American foreign policy, including: Okinawa (in Polish), 1972; The United States Policy towards China 1941–1955 (in Polish, with summary in English and Russian), 1973; The US Policy towards China 1941-1955 (in Russian), Moscow, 1974; The United States Policy towards China 1956–1978 (in Polish, with summary in English and Russian), 1982; “Political and Legal Aspects of International Terrorism” (in Polish), Sprawy Międzynarodowe, Sept 1988; Present value of the idea of atomic-free zones in the world (in Polish), 1987; Yalta and Potsdam (in Polish), 1985; “The legal aspects of verification”, in: The International Law of Arms Control and Disarmament, 1991; “Poland’s Treaty Policy 1990–1993”, Yearbook of Polish Foreign Policy, 1993–1994; Protection of national minorities in Europe (in Polish), Warsaw, 2001; “The United Nations Towards International Terrorism” (in Polish), in: Organizacja Narodow Zjednoczonych – Bilans i Peryspektywy, Warsaw, 2006; “Multilateral Diplomacy – its Role and Tasks” (in Polish), in: Stosunki Miedzynarodowe w XXI wieku, Warsaw, 2006; “The Protection of National Minorities in Eastern Europe”, in OSCE and Minorities – Assessment and Prospects, Warsaw, 2007; “The Jurisdiction of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea” (in Polish, with English summary), Yearbook Prawo Morskie, vol. XXV, Gdansk, 2009; “Some Reflections on Factors Exerting Influence on Maritime Boundary Delimitation”, in: Coexistence, Cooperation and Solidarity: Liber Amicorum Rüdiger Wolfrum, Holger P. Hestermeyer, Doris König, Nele Matz-Lück et al. (eds), Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden, 2011; “Poland’s policy towards the Middle East”, in: Directions and Areas of Polish Foreign Policy, S. Bielen (ed.), Warsaw, 2012; “The Baltic Sea Region – an Area of Interdependence of Baltic States”, in: Governing Ocean Resources: New Challenges and Emerging Regimes, A Tribute to Judge Choon-Ho Park, J.M. Van Dyke, S.P. Broder, S. Lee and J.-H. Paik (eds.), Martinus Nijhoff, 2013; Publications and Documents From the Years 1962-2012 (Selection) (in Polish and some parts in English), Warsaw, 2013; “Settlement of maritime disputes by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Outline)”, in: MARE NOSTRUM (Liber Amicorum Professor Leonard Lukaszuk) (in Polish, with Summary in English), Gdansk, 2015; “The new trends in the development of the law of the sea” (in Polish), in: Tendencje i procesy rozwojowe współczesnych stosunków międzynarodowych, Warsaw, 2016; "The new trends in the law of the sea" (in Polish), in: Prawo miedzynarodowe - idea I rzeczywistosc, wyd. C.H. Beck. Warsaw 2018; "The main directions of Polish initiatives presented in the United Nations 1945-2018" (in Polish), in: Polska w instytucjach miedzynarodowych w latach 1918-2018, wyd. Narodowe Centrum Kultury, Warsaw 2018.
Recent lectures: (selection) Keynote speech on “The value of the South China Sea Arbitration for future legal determinations in similar cases” at the Global Ocean Regime Conference, Seoul, 27 June 2017; Lecture on “Polish participation in the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission and the possible role of the Commission in current efforts to restore peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula” at the International Conference on Korean Security and the 65 Year Search for Peace, Prague, 27 April 2018; Keynote speech on “The South China Sea Arbitration decisions” at a South China Sea forum in Makati City, Philippines, 23 November 2018; Address on “Importance of the South China Sea Arbitration of 12 July 2016” at an international seminar, University of Warsaw, 7 May 2018; Keynote speech, marking the 25th anniversary of the entry into force of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, entitled: “The Importance of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to maintain security and order of the sea” at 11th South China Sea International Conference, Hanoi, 6 November 2019; Lecture entitled “Prompt release of vessels and crews under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea”, delivered remotely to the IMLI Class of 2020-2021, 21 April 2021.
Distinctions: The Commander’s Cross of Polonia Restituta (2005); The Officer’s Cross of Polonia Restituta (1985); The Golden Cross of Merit (1974); and other high Polish, German, Japanese, Syrian and Vietnamese decorations.