The Tribunal

Judge María Teresa Infante Caffi

Member of the Tribunal since 1 October 2020

Born: Santiago, Chile.

Education: University of Chile (lawyer); postgraduate studies at the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva; Certificate of the Research Center of The Hague Academy of International Law.  

Professional Experience: Professor, Faculty of Law and of the Institute of International Studies, University of Chile (1980-present); Professor of the Diplomatic Academy of Chile (1985-present);  Director, Institute of International Studies, University of Chile (1987-1995); taught at: the Inter-American Juridical Committee (1991, 2017, 2018), the International Law Academy of The Hague, External Program (1991, 2011), the National University of Cordoba, Argentina (1996, 2001), the Bancaja Euromediterranean Courses of International Law, Bancaja International Center for Peace and Development and Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain (2004), the University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil (2010), the ITLOS-Nippon Program International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Hamburg, Germany (2016); Directora Nacional de Fronteras y Límites del Estado, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile (1997-2014); Co-Director of the LL.M. Program, Investments, Trade and Arbitration, offered jointly by the University of Heidelberg and the University of Chile, Santiago and Heidelberg, Germany (2008-2014); Co-Agent of Chile in disputes before the International Court of Justice (Maritime Dispute, 2008-2014; Obligation to negotiate,2013-2018; Status and use of the waters of the Silala, 2016-2020); Ambassador of Chile to the Kingdom of the Netherlands (2014-2020); Permanent Representative to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) (2014-2020); presided the delegation of Chile in the Assembly of States Parties of the International Criminal Court, the Council of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (2014-present); Chair, Sub-Working Group on Non-State Actors of the OPCW (2015-2020); Co-Chair, Study Group on Governance (together with Japan and Switzerland) of The Hague Working Group of the Assembly of States Parties (2015-2020); Chair, Working Group of the Bureau on the implementation of article 97 of the Rome Statute (2016-2017); advised and participated in research programs for the following institutions, inter alia: Permanent Commission of the South Pacific, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile, United Nations Development Program (UNDP), National Commission of the Environment; participated in diplomatic negotiations on maritime and Antarctic matters, and with neighboring and South American countries on issues of integration, limits, international law and cooperation on border policies. 

Member: President of the Chilean Society of International Law (1980-present); Instituto Hispano Luso Americano de Derecho Internacional (1985-present); Institute of International Law (2001-present); Committees of the International Law Association (2005-2014); President, Latin American Society of International Law (SLADI) (2016-2018).

Publications: “Conflictos armadas en el mar. El derecho internacional aplicable: el Manual de San Remo”, Colección Estudios Internacionales, Instituto de Estudios Internacionales, Chile, 1998, in: Nuevos Estudios de derecho internacional humanitario, M.T. Infante and R. Cave (eds.);  “Responsabilidad en Antártica: los problemas derivados de la protección del medio ambiente”, in: Primer Seminario sobre Política Exterior y Medio Ambiente, Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Santiago, 1-2 October 1998; “Evolving scenarios: Antarctica and the continental shelf”, in: Mélanges de droit de la mer offerts à Daniel Vignes, R. Casado Raigón and G. Cataldi (eds.), Editions Bruylant, Brussels, 2009; “Derecho del mar y Antártica. El impacto de la plataforma continental”, Diplomacia, No. 120, 2009; “The outer continental shelf and South American coastal States”, in: Law, technology and science for oceans in globalisation: IUU fishing, oil pollution, bioprospecting, outer continental shelf, D. Vidas (ed.), Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden, 2010; “Current developments on State Responsibility and Liability in the Area” (with J. J. Gorostegui Obanoz), Anuário Brasileiro de Direito Internacional, 1, No 10, 2011; “The Altiplano Silala (Siloli): A Watercourse under Scrutiny”, in: Coexistence, Cooperation and Solidarity. Liber Amicorum Rüdiger Wolfrum, Vol. I, Holger Hestermeyer et al. (eds.), Martinus Nijhoff, 2012; “Boundary Disputes in Latin America”, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, May 2011, updated in February 2013; “Antártica en la legislación interna de los Estados ¿que hay de nuevo?”, in: El Derecho Internacional en el Mundo Multipolar del Siglo XXI. Obra en homenaje al profesor Luis Ignacio Sánchez Rodríguez, IPROLEX, Madrid, 2013; “Perú v. Chile: The International Court of Justice decides on the status of the maritime boundary”, Chinese Journal of International Law, 2014; “The decision on the maritime boundary between Chile and Perú: international law revisited”, Caribbean Journal of International Relations and Diplomacy, V. 2, No. 2, June 2014; “Chile y Perú ante el caso de La Haya: continuidad y revisión”, in: La política exterior de Chile, 1990-2009: del aislamiento a la integración global, M. Artaza and C. Ross (eds.), USACH, Doctorado en Estudios Americanos: RIL, v. 2, 2015; “El Estado frente a su jurisdicción territorial”, Anuario Hispano-Luso-Americano de Derecho Internacional, 22, 2015; “Antonio Cançado Trindade: The construction of a humanized international law”, Brill Nijhoff, Leiden, 2015; Estudios Internacionales, XLVIII, 183, 2016, revisión bibliográfica; “Latin America and the International Court of Justice: The Pact of Bogotá”, in: Latin America and the International Court of Justice. Contributions to International Law, P. Wojcikiewicz Almeida and J.-M. Sorel (eds.), Routledge, 2017; “The law of the sea and Antarctica: effectiveness and perspectives”, in: New approaches to the law of the sea(in honor of Ambassador José Antonio de Yturriaga-Barberán), P. A. Fernández Sanchez (ed.), Nova Science Publisher, New York, 2017; “El aporte del derecho internacional al estudio de las fronteras entre los Estados”, in: América Latina y el Derecho del Mar. Liber Amicorum en honor de Alfredo Martínez Moreno, V. L. Gutiérrez Castillo and A. E. Villalta Vizcarra (eds.), Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia, 2018; “Territorio y Jurisdicción: el Derecho Internacional en desarrollo”. Curso de Derecho Internacional del Comité Jurídico Interamericano 2017, Washington DC, 2018; “El rol del derecho internacional en instancias multilaterales”, in: Chile. Actor del Sistema Multilateral. Una tradición nacional, J. Somavía and P. Oyarce (eds.), Secretaría General lberoamericana/Academia Diplomática de Chile, 2018; Seabed Disputes, https://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law-mpeipro/e3548.013.3548/law-mpeipro-e3548; “La Corte Internacional de Justicia se pronuncia sobre la demanda de Bolivia contra Chile relativa a una Obligación de Negociar. La sentencia de 1 de octubre de 2018”, Revista Española de Derecho Internacional, 2019.