Judge Zhiguo Gao

Member of the Tribunal since 30 January 2008; re-elected as from 1 October 2011

Born: Changzhi, Shanxi, China, 7 July 1955.

Education: B.A., Jilin University, Changcun, China (1980); LL.M., China University of Political Science & Law, Beijing, China (1983); LL.M., University of Washington, Seattle, USA (1986); J.S.D. (Doctorate in the Science of Law), Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada (1993); Post-Doctorate in Law, East-West Centre, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA (1994).

Professional Experience: Lecturer, Shanxi University of Coal Science & Technology, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China (1980); Senior Research Fellow, Policy Division, State Oceanic Administration, Beijing, China (1983–1986); Deputy Administrator, China Institute for Marine Development Strategies, Beijing, China (1987–1988); Deputy Head, Legal Office, State Oceanic Administration, Beijing, China (1988–1989); Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, East-West Centre, Honolulu, USA (1993–1994); Lecturer, Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy and Law School, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom (1994–1997); Consultant to the Government of Vietnam on Hydrocarbon Sector Policy Review (1996-1997); Director, Training Programme on EEZ and Coastal Zone Management, International Ocean Institute, Guangzhou, China (1997); Consultant to the Government of Brazil and Petrobras on petroleum policy, law and contracts (1997); Consultant to the Government of Kazakhstan on hydrocarbon regime (1997); resource person, “Workshop on Managing Potential Conflicts in the South China Sea” (1997-2001); Consultant to Chinese offshore oil industry (1997–present); Senior Member, Council on Security and Cooperation in Asia-Pacific, China (1997–present); Visiting Professor, Washington College of Law, American University, Washington, DC, USA (1998); Executive Director, China Institute for Marine Affairs, Beijing, China (1999–present); Honorary Lecturer, Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom (2000–present); Consultant to International Seabed Authority (2001); Adjunct Professor, China University of Oceanography, Qingdao,   China  (2001–present);   Deputy  to the   10th  National   People’s Congress of China (2003–2007); Adjunct Professor, Centre on Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China (2003–2013); Professor, China University of Oceanography, Qingdao, China (2003–present); Adjunct Professor, University of Hainan, China (2008–present); Honorary Director and Professor, Center of the Law of the Sea, Tsinghua University (2009–present); Professor, Wuhan University, China (2011–present); Professor, Nanjing University, China (2013–present).

Member: Editorial Board, International Energy and Resource Law and Policy Series, University of Dundee and Kluwer Law International (1994–present); Editorial Board, Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law (U.K.) (1996–2000); Maritime Working Group, Council on Security and Cooperation in Asia-Pacific, China (1997–present); Editorial Board, Oil & Gas Law and Taxation Review (U.K.) (1999–2002); Chinese Association of the Law of the Sea (Executive Vice-President, 1999–present); Council, Chinese Association of International Law (2000–present); Editorial Board, Ocean Yearbook (Canada) (2000–present); The Chinese Bar Association (2001–present); Asean Regional Forum Experts/Eminent Persons (2001–present); Editorial Board, Ocean Development and International Law (Canada/USA) (2001–present); Foreign Affairs Committee, National People’s Congress of China (2003–2007); Council, Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs (2007–present); Standing Council and Council, Pacific Society of China (2009–present); Board of Directors, China University of Political Science and Law (2010­–present).

Publications: A Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1985; Marine Policy in the Asia-Pacific Region (co-author), 1990; “China and the Law of the Sea”, 15 Marine Policy, 1991; International Environmental Law, 3rd ed., 1994; “Recent Trends and New Directions in International Petroleum Exploration and Exploitation Agreements”, 17 World Competition, 1994; “The South China Sea: From Conflict to Cooperation”, 25 Ocean Development & International Law, 1994; “China's Petroleum Legal Regime for Foreign Participation in Upstream Operations”, 14 Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law, 1996; “Current Issues of International Law on Offshore Abandonment: With Special Reference to the United Kingdom”, 28 Ocean Development & International Law, 1997; “World Petroleum Exploration Contracts and Brazil: An Overview of Recent Developments and Current Changes”, 15 Oil & Gas Law and Taxation Review, 1997; “The Legal Concept and Aspects of Joint Development in International Law”, 13 Ocean Yearbook, 1998; “Naval Strategy and the Law of the Sea”, 6 Journal of Chinese Navy, 2001; “The Scope and Principles of Maritime Cooperation in Asia and Pacific”, 16 Ocean Yearbook, 2002; A Comparative Study of National Mining Legislation and Contracts, 2003; Essays on International Law of the Sea (ed.), 2004; Recent Developments of International Law of the Sea (ed.), 2005; “The Regimes on the EEZ, Continental Shelf and Straits Used for International Navigation”, Chinese Journal of Military Law, vol. 75, 2005; Theory and Practice of International Law of the Sea (ed.), 2006; Essays on Ocean Policy of China (co-author), 2007; Studies of the New Trends of International Law of the Sea (ed.), 2007; China Ocean Development Report 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 (ed.); Technical and Legal Aspects of the Regimes of the Continental Shelf and the Area (ed.), 2011; Issues of the International Law of the Sea (ed.), 2011; “Legal Issues of MSR in the Arctic: A Chinese Perspective”, Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, vol. 235, S. Wasum-Rainer et al. (eds.), 2012; “The Nine-Dash Line in the South China Sea: History, Status, and Implications”, AJIL 107(95).

Awards: Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Scholarship, Canada (1989–1993); Jefferey Willowboughby Prize (1997); National Outstanding Achievements & Contributions Award of the Chinese Government (2001).